Factors Associated with the Occurrence of Skin Diseases among Children Attending the Children’s Outpatient Clinic in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern Nigeria
Asian Journal of Pediatric Research,
Aims: To determine the factors associated with the occurrence of skin diseases among children attending the Children’s Outpatient Clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH).
Study Design: A Cross sectional study design was used. It was both descriptive and analytical.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in the Children’s Outpatient Clinic of the Department of Paediatrics, UPTH from June to August 2020 (3 months).
Methodology: We studied 370 children aged less than 18 years. A semi structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain all relevant data. This was followed by dermatological examination of the children to make diagnosis of skin diseases. Relevant samples for laboratory confirmation were also obtained where necessary.
Results: Among the 88 children (23.7%) who had skin diseases, our study showed that the socio-demographic factors associated with the occurrence of skin diseases includes: male gender (p=0.001) and low socio-economic class (p<0.001). Hygiene-related factors associated with occurrence of skin diseases includes: lack of water within the home (p=0.001), bath frequency < twice per day (p=0.001) and sharing of personal items (p<0.001). On multiple logistic regression analysis of these factors, the factors predictive of skin diseases were: male gender (p=0.000), low and middle socioeconomic class (p=0.004) and lack of water within the home (p=0.013).
Conclusion: Several socio-demographic and hygiene-related factors were identified to be associated with the occurrence of skin diseases among children in our study. These factors provide an important window for interventions to prevent and control the burden of skin diseases among children in our setting.
- skin diseases
How to Cite
Altraide DD, Alex-Hart BA. Prevalence and pattern of skin diseases among school Age children at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Nigeria: A Hospital Based Study. AJRID. 2020; 3(4):29-36.
Kelbore AG, Owih P, Reid AJ, Bogino EA, Wonderwosen L, Dessu BK. Pattern of skin diseases in children attending dermatology clinic in a Referral Hospital in WolaitaSodo, Southern Ethiopia. BMC Dermatology. 2019;19;5-9.
Ayanlowo O, Puddicombe O, Gold-Olufadi S. Pattern of skin diseases amongst children attending a dermatology clinic in Lagos Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J. 2018;29: 162.
Hogewoning A, Amoah A, Bavinck JN, Boakye D, Yazdanbakhsh M, Adegnika A, et al. Skin Diseases among school children in Ghana, Gabon and Rwanda. Int J Dermatol. 2013;52(5):589-600 .
Kalu EI, Wagbatsoma V, Ogbaini-Emovoh E, Nwadike VU, Ojide CK. Age and sex prevalence of infectious dermatosis among primary school children in a rural South-Eastern Nigerian community. Pan Afr Med Journal. 2015;20:182.
World Health Organization. Epidemiology and Management of common skin diseases in Children in Developing Countries. Geneva: World Health Organization- Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development; 2005.
Ezz El-Dawela R, Fatehy AN, Elmoneim A. Prevalence of skin diseases among school children: A survey in the Sohag Governorate. Journal of the Egyptian women’s Dermatological Society. 2012; 9(1):47-51.
Gauchan E, Kumar A, Thapa P, Pun J. Relation of Sociodemographics and Personal Hygiene on different childhood Dermatoses. Kathmandu University Medical Journal. 2015;49(1):29-33.
Amin TT, Ali A, Kaliyadar F. Skin disorders among primary school children in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates. Rural and Remote Health. 2011;1(1): 1517-22.
Suman H, Tulsyan S, Chaudhary D, Mishra A. School survey of dermatological disorders and associated socio-economic factors in Lucknow. Egyptian Dermatology Online Journal. 2012;8(2):4-10.
Lulu Y, Tolesa G, Cris J. Prevalence and associated factors of skin diseases among primary school children in Illuababor zone, Oromia Regional state, South West Ethiopia. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017;7(1):7374-7383.
El-Moselhy EA, Hassam HM, Abdelhady AS, Abdel-Waheed A, Abd-Elnaser SM. Risk factors and effects of infestation with Pediculosiscapitis and scabies among primary school students in Cairo Egypt. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2015;59(1):191-207.
Toraub K, Jeewan R. Sociodemographic factors and their association to prevalence of skin diseases among Adolescents. Our Dermatology Online. 2013;4(3):281-286.
Yotsu RR, Kouadio K, Vagamon B, Nguessa K, Akpa AJ, Yao A, et al. Skin Disease prevalence study in school children in rural Cote d’ Ivoire: implications for integration of neglected skin diseases (NTDs). Negl. Trop Dis. 2018;12(5): e0006489:1-18.
Ozcelik S, Kalac I, Yazici M, Ocal E. Distribution of childhood skin diseases according to age and gender using institution experience. Turkish Archives of Pediatrics. 2018;53(2):105-112.
Oyedeji O, Okeniyi V, Ogunlesi T, Onayemi O, Oyedeji G, Oyelami O. Parental factors influencing the prevalence of skin infections and infestations among Nigerian primary school children. Internet Journal of Dermatology. 2005;3:(2).
Ogunbiyi AO, Owoaje E, Ndahi A. Prevalence of skin Disorders in school children in Ibadan, Nigeria. Pediatr Dermatol. 2005;22(1):6-10.
Karim SA, Anwar K, Khan MA, Mollah MH, Nahar N, Rahman HM. Socio-demographic characteristics of children infested with scabies in densely populated communities of residential madras has in Dhaka Bangladesh. Public Health. 2007;121 (12):923-34.
Abstract View: 127 times
PDF Download: 138 times