Acute Onset Flaccid Paralysis as Presentation of Combined Central and Peripheral Demyelination in a Child: A Case Report
Asian Journal of Pediatric Research,
Introduction: Inflammatory demyelinating disease like combined central and peripheral demyelination (CCPD) could have varied clinical presentation depending upon the topographical distribution of neural involvement.
Case presentation: A seven-year-old child had presented with fever followed by acute onset flaccid paralysis and urinary retention. Weakness in the lower limbs as reported was ascending and symmetric in nature, while no history of trauma, band-like sensation or altered sensorium were documented. Superficial and deep tendon reflexes of both the lower limbs were absent. Routine blood investigations had revealed neutrophilic leucocytosis only. Serum IgM antibody for scrub typhus was found positive. CSF study didn’t show cyto-protein dissociation. NCV had demonstrated absence of F wave and H reflex in the peripheral nerves of lower limbs. Anti-ganglioside antibody profiles were negative. Subsequent investigations including MRI brain and spinal cord had revealed acute onset CCPD.
Conclusion: Acute onset combined central and peripheral demyelination in a child had presented as acute flaccid paralysis of the lower limbs and the condition was temporally association with scrub typhus.
- Acute flaccid paralysis
- immune response
- Infectious complications
- scrub typhus
How to Cite
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