Asian Journal of Pediatric Research 2020-11-25T04:22:52+00:00 Asian Journal of Pediatric Research Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Pediatric Research</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2582-2950)</strong> aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers in all aspects of&nbsp;‘Pediatric Research’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Effect of COVID-19 on Routine Pediatric Vaccination 2020-11-25T04:22:50+00:00 Mahika Rawat Anuradha Sehrawat <p>The “Type of Article” of this paper is “Letter to the Editor”. This paper discuses about: “<strong>Effect of COVID-19 on Routine Pediatric Vaccination</strong>”. No formal abstract is available. Readers are requested to read the full article.</p> 2020-10-22T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Bartter Syndrome in Children; A Cause of Severe Hypokalemic Metabolic Alkalosis: Clinical Case Report and Literature Review 2020-11-25T04:22:52+00:00 A. Radi M. Akhrif M. Kmari A. Ourrai A. Hassani R. Abilkassem A. Agadr <p>Bartter syndrome is an inherited renal tubular disorder caused by a defective salt reabsorption in the thick ascending limb of loop of Henle. It characterized by urinary loss of sodium, potassium, and chloride; hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis; normal blood pressure, high plasma levels of renin and aldosterone. There is phenotypical and genetic variability of Bartter syndrome since were identified five genes responsible for five different forms of Bartter syndrome. The objective of this work is to report a clinical case to study the pathophysiological, clinical, biological and therapeutic features of this syndrome.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>We reported a case of 04-month-old male infant admitted for acute dehydration secondary to polyuro-polydipsia syndrome and vomiting. In clinical presentation the patient had a dysmorphic syndrome with triangular face, protruding ears and flattened nasal root. Laboratory tests revealed hypokalemia, hyponatremia, metabolic alkalosis and hypercalciuria. Treatment with indomethacin was started at 1 mg/kg per day with favorable outcome.</p> 2020-10-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Extremely Rare Syndromic Form of Intellectual Disability: Temtamy Syndrome; About a Clinical Case 2020-11-25T04:22:51+00:00 M. Akhrif R. Abilkassem A. Elyajouri H. Ennouali N. Amsiguine A. Agadr <p>Temtamy syndrome is a congenital syndrome. It was first described by Temtamy et al. in 1991. Characterized by mental retardation, ocular coloboma, seizures, variable craniofacial dysmorphism, and brain abnormalities, including abnormalities of the corpus callosum and thalamus. The extreme clinical and genetic heterogeneity of these phenotypes posed a major diagnostic challenge until the advent of genomic tests that scan a large number of genes with little bias by the clinical phenotype.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:&nbsp; </strong>We reporting the case of a male child aged followed since the age of 3 months for epileptic seizure with corpus callosum agenesis, and clinical examination found craniofacial dysmorphia, mental retardation, strong myopia, an irian coloboma, chorioretinal atrophy. The aim of this study is to highlighting the specific features of temtamy syndrome and show the points of divergence with other similar syndromes.</p> 2020-10-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Status Dystonicus in Children with Secondary Dystonia: Reporting 3 Cases of Cerebral Palsy, Leigh Disease and Molybodynum Co Factor Deficiency 2020-11-25T04:22:49+00:00 Kanij Fatema Md Mizanur Rahman Shaheen Akhter <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Patients with primary and secondary dystonic syndromes occasionally develop severe episodes of generalized dystonia and rigidity which is known as status dystonicus (SD) or dystonic storm. This is a frightening hyperkinetic movement disorder and it is an emergency. Marked, &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;rapid exacerbation of dystonia requires prompt intervention and admission in the hospital. It is critical to recognize early and differentiate dystonic storm from other hyperkinetic movement disorder as it may lead to metabolic complications such as rhabdomyolysis, leading to acute &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;renal failure. This paper has been written to describe three cases of SD, all having secondary dystonia with different etiologies to highlight the mode of presentation, diagnosis, treatment and outcome.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> We report 3 cases of severe secondary dystonia culminating in SD necessitating management in hospital setting. All the three cases were admitted in a tertiary care hospital and evaluated.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> One patient was treated in intensive care unit. In brief 1<sup>st</sup> case was a 5 year boy with dyskinetic CP who was treated with trihexiphenidyl (THP), baclofen and midazolam infusion. Second case was a 15 month old boy, diagnosed case of mitochondrial encephalopathy (Leigh disease) who was treated with THP, baclofen, haloperidol, clonazepam and infusion midazolam. The third case was a 13 month old boy, diagnosed case of Molybdenum Cofactor deficiency who was treated with THP, tizanidine but they refused to take midazolam.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In this case series, three cases with SD with different etiology have been described with clinical features, modalities of treatment and outcome.</p> 2020-11-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Acute Renal Failure Related to Malaria in Admitted Patients in Pediatric Hospitals from Dakar, Senegal: A Series of Eleven Cases 2020-11-25T04:22:47+00:00 Khadim Diongue Aliou Abdoulaye Ndongo Lamine Thiam Ndiogou Seck Amy Gaye Assane Sylla Daouda Ndiaye <p><strong>Aims:</strong> To firstly determine the incidence of acute renal failure (ARF) related to malaria in a series of 11 cases among admitted patients at the pediatric hospitals in Dakar, Senegal and to lastly measure the performance of rapid diagnostic test (RDT) and microscopy in malaria diagnosis using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as a gold standard.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> A bi-centric and descriptive study was carried out.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> From June 2018 to January 2019 in two university hospitals of Dakar, Senegal: Aristide Le Dantec university hospital and Albert Royer university hospital.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Pediatric patients aged under 18 years with confirmed malaria by RDT or microscopy and ARF defined by anuria or oligo-anuria and a decrease in glomerular filtration rate were included. Nested PCR was performed to confirm malaria diagnosis and <em>Plasmodium</em> species typing.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> In total, 11 ARF cases (8.5%) related to malaria among 130 children infected with malaria parasites were included out of 4,474 hospitalized. Affected children were aged between 2 and 16 years with a mean age of 11 years and a sex ratio of 0.57. For malaria diagnosis, RDTs were positive for all patients while microscopy only revealed 6 cases (54.5%) as well as PCR. However, microscopy and PCR presented two discrepancies. Considering PCR as the gold standard tool, RDT showed a relative high sensitivity (100%) and zero specificity with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 54.6% while microscopy respectively showed a sensitivity and a specificity of 66.7 and 60%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study showed the relatedness between ARF and <em>P. falciparum</em> malaria. Even though microscopy remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of malaria but microscopists must be regularly trained. In addition, RDT should always be confirmed by microscopy and preferably by PCR.</p> 2020-11-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##